FALL BIBLE STUDY RESOURCES:
Cockerill, Gareth Lee. The Epistle to the Hebrews. Part of the New International Commentary on the New Testament edited by Ned B. Stonehouse, F. F. Bruce, and Gordon D. Fee. (Eerdmans, Grand Rapids, 2012).
Harrington, Daniel J., S.J. Jude and 2 Peter. Part of the Sacra Pagina commentary series edited by Daniel J. Harrington S. J.. (Liturgical Press, Collegeville, 2003).
Elliott, John H.. 1 Peter: A New Translation with Introduction and Commentary. Part of the Anchor Bible Commentary series edited by William Foxwell Albright and David Noel Freedman. (Doubleday, New York, 2000).
Harten, Patrick J. James. Part of the Sacra Pagina commentary series edited by Daniel J. Harrington S. J.. (Liturgical Press, Collegeville, 2003).
Koester, Craig R. Hebrews: A New Translation with Introduction and Commentary. Part of the Anchor Bible commentary series edited by William Foxwell Albright and David Noel Freedman. (Doubleday, New York, 2001).
Long, Thomas G. Hebrews. Part of the Interpretation: A Bible Commentary for Teaching and Preaching series edited by James Luther Mays. (Westminster John Knox Press, Louisville, 1997).
Mitchell, Alan C. Hebrews. Part of the Sacra Pagina commentary series edited by Daniel J. Harrington S. J.. (Liturgical Press, Collegeville, 2007).
Perkins, Pheme. First and Second Peter, James, and Jude. Part of the Interpretation: A Bible Commentary for Teaching and Preaching series edited by James Luther Mays. (Westminster John Knox Press, Louisville, 1995).
Senior, Donald P., C.P. 1 Peter. Part of the Sacra Pagina commentary series edited by Daniel J. Harrington S. J.. (Liturgical Press, Collegeville, 2003).
Wright, N. T. Hebrews for Everyone. Part of the New Testament for Everyone series edited by N. T. Wright. (Westminster John Knox Press, Louisville, 2003).
More Denunciation 2 Peter 2:17-22
These false teachers actually lack substance, they are full of “hot air” as we might say today.
Proverbs 26:11: “As dogs return to their vomit, so fools repeat their folly.”
Harrington p. 279: “The irony is that the teachers who cast doubt on the Last Judgment will be confined (like the fallen angels of 1 Enoch and Jude) to the “black darkness” as they await their judgment and punishment at the Last Judgment (see Jude 13).”
Perhaps the connection is that without a last judgment people feel free to do whatever. If the connection is that they are so caught up in the spirit that they believe no law applies to them they will find out to the contrary once it is too late!
The Delay of the Parousia 2 Peter 3: 1-4
The delay in the return of Jesus was an acute problem very early in the church – the first expectation was “none of you will die before He returns” later understood to be “before the last of you die He will return” and then a concern dealt with by Paul – who says the dead will rise first at the return of Jesus. Certainly 3 generations of Christians after the death of Jesus had questions or issues about this idea – it was not yet a fully developed doctrine (though it was present from the beginning).
Harrington p. 284: “…the position of the false teachers as it was understood and expressed by the author of 2 Peter. The most important elements are the non-occurrence of Jesus’ parousia, the death of the “forefathers”, and the notion that everything in the world remains the same.”
Mark 9:1: “He also said to them, “Amen, I say to you, there are some standing here who will not taste death until they see that the kingdom of God has come in power.”
Mark 13:29-31: “In the same way, when you see these things happening, know that he is near, at the gates. Amen, I say to you, this generation will not pass away until all these things have taken place. Heaven and earth will pass away, but my words will not pass away.”
Harrington p. 285: “After almost two thousand years the parousia of Jesus has still not come, and so it may be easy to sympathize with the view of the scoffers / false teachers that “all things remain the same since the beginning of creation” and the implication that there will be no last judgment. Yet from earliest times Christians have insisted on the second coming of Jesus and the final judgment (whenever they may take place) as articles of faith.”
Biblical Responses 2 Peter 3:5-10
The author cites the creation story and that of Noah and the Flood to make his point. Things are not “always the same”. First God creates land from the water, then God (flood) covers the land with waters.
Harrington p. 291: “Even though God promised not to destroy humankind and other creatures again by a flood, god can and will use fire to destroy the godless on the Day of Judgment.”
It is certain that the Day of Judgment will come, WHEN it will come is in God’s will alone.
Final Exhortation 2 Peter 3:11-18
Harrington p. 298: “For those who have cultivated justice or righteousness throughout their lives as Christians the images of the end-time are not a threat, but rather a promise that their vindication (or salvation) is near.”
God determines the WHEN, the thought may be that by good behavior and love etc. the Christians might influence God in some way.
Prophecies and Applications v. 14-19
The legend is that Enoch was taken up into heaven and therefore is privy to knowledge about the future. 1 Enoch (and 2 Enoch and 3 Enoch) purport to tell us Enoch learned.
Both Enoch and the apostles foretold of troublemakers in the future. That it is coming true is proof of the truth of the message of faith and therefore it ought to be held even closer to the heart.
And then many will be led into sin; they will betray and hate one another. Many false prophets will arise and deceive many; and because of the increase of evildoing, the love of many will grow cold. But the one who perseveres to the end will be saved.
Exhortation and Doxology Jude 20-25
Harrington p. 223: “A doxology (vv 24-25) that praises God as the one who is able to present faithful Christians “without blemish” at the Last Judgment provides a stirring ending or “seal” to the letter.”
Doxa is Greek for “glory”
Harrington p. 223: Father, Son and Holy Spirit. Faith, prayer, love, hope